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CULTURE: First-rate crops grow quickly in light or loamy soils with a pH over 6.0. In general, cool temperatures produce the best flesh color. Acute weather fluctuations will cause "zoning", white rings, in the roots.
TRANSPLANTING: Sow seed in a cold frame or indoors in early spring, about 5-6 weeks before transplanting out after heavy frosts become infrequent. Sow seeds 1/4" deep, 3-4 seeds per inch. Transplant out 3" apart in rows 12-18" apart.
DIRECT SEEDING: Begin early sowings when soil has warmed somewhat after thawing. Sow in a 2-4" wide band, about 15 seeds/ft. (10/ft. if sown in single line), 1/2" deep, rows 12-18" apart. Thinning is not necessary. For a continuous supply of greens and small tender beets, sow seed at 2-week intervals until 8 weeks before regular heavy frosts are expected.
DISEASES: Keep beets well irrigated to prevent "scab", the same disorder that affects potatoes, causing raised brown rough spots on the mature roots. Internal breakdown or browning is most likely to occur in alkaline soils after prolonged hot, dry periods. This is caused by a deficiency of the nutrient boron. Rotate crops to prevent Cercospora leaf spot.
HARVEST AND STORAGE: Fork or undermine, lift plants, wash and hydrocool, and store bunches 10 days at 32F/0C and 95% humidity.
WINTER STORAGE OF ROOTS: Sow about 10 weeks before heavy freeze is expected. Cut tops, wash, and store 6 months at 32F (0C) and 95% humidity.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract 14-21 days if transplants are used.
AVG. SEEDING RATE: (@15 seeds/ft. and 24" between rows)
: 150'/oz., 2,300'/lb., 9 lb./acre.
SIZED SEEDS: Where noted.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 17,000-40,000 (avg. 35,000).
SEEDS/OZ.: (avg. 2,200 seeds) sows 150'.
PACKET: 5 gm., unless otherwise noted, (avg. 385 seeds) sows 30'.



Beets are a fast growing crop that can be grown just about anywhere. Although beets are known as a root crop, all parts of the beet plant are edible. Tender beet greens can begin being harvested when thinning a row of beets. The most commonly known root beets are red, but golden and striped varieties have made growing beets more popular in recent years.

The plants we know as beets are in the same family as chard. While chard is grown for its leaves, beets were traditionally grown from their bulbous roots. However, all parts of the beet plant are edible. All types of beets and chard will cross-pollinate with one another.

Beets are not quite as cold tolerant as something like broccoli, but they can tolerate a light frost and they do like cool temperatures, so beets are generally grown in the spring or fall.

Beets are biennial. They will no flower until their roots have matured and they've had at least 1 month of cold temperatures.

Nutritive Values : Per 100 gm.

  • Vitamin A : 20 I.U.
  • Thiamine : .02 mg
  • Riboflavin : .05 mg
  • Niacin : .4 mg
  • Vitamin C : 10 mg.
  • Calcium : 27 mg.
  • Iron : 1.0 mg.
  • Phosphorus : 43 mg.
  • Fat : .1 gm.
  • Carbohydrates : 9.6 gm.
  • Protein : 1.6 gm.
  • Calories : 42

Red Beet is unique for its high levels of anti-carcinogens and its very high carotenoid content. Red beets are high in carbohydrates and low in fat and it is an excellent source of folic acid. It is loaded with antioxidant that helps the body against heart disease, certain cancer especially colon cancer and even birth defects. Betacyanin is the pigment that gives beets their red color; this pigment is absorbed into the blood corpuscles and can increase the oxygen-carrying ability of the blood by up to 400 per cent. Don't throw away the green leafy tops as they can be cooked like spinach and are also rich in beta-carotene, folic acid, chlorophyll, potassium, vitamin C, and iron.

Health Benefits of Red Beets:

  • Beet root is a traditional treatment used for leukemia. Beet root contain an amino acid betaine which has an anti cancer properties. Red beet therapy, consisting of consumption of approximately two pounds of raw, mashed beets daily, has been favorably reported for cases of leukemia and tumors (includes cancer). Research also shows that beet juice can help inhibit the development of colon and stomach cancer.
  • It is believed that red beets when used eaten regularly may help against certain oxidative stress-related disorders.