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Broccoli



Broccoli

CULTURE: See "Cabbage". Requires a fertile, moist soil. Irrigate regularly if soil is dry. While more heat-tolerant varieties are being developed, broccoli does not generally do well in hot weather; the best success being with spring and fall crops.
PLANTING, DISEASES, INSECT PESTS, IMPORTANT
NOTES: See "Cabbage".
TYPICAL PLANT POPULATION: 43,560 plants/acre (1 sq. ft./plant) spaced 8" apart in rows 18" apart.
HARVEST: Before flower buds open, cut center head. Hydrocool or ice as soon as possible. Harvest secondary side shoots regularly to encourage continued production.
STORAGE: Store at 32F (0C) 10-14 days.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From date of transplanting; add about 20 days if direct seeding.
AVG. PRECISION SEEDING RATE: 583'/1,000 seeds, 50,000 seeds (avg. 8.3 oz.)/acre spaced 7" apart in rows 18" apart.
TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 850 plants/1,000 seeds.
SIZED SEEDS: Except where otherwise noted.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 70,000-150,000 (avg. 96,000).
PACKET: 0.5 gm. (avg. 100 seeds).


Broccoli


THE BENEFITS OF BROCCOLI

Broccoli is a hardy vegetable of the cabbage family that is high in vitamins A and D. It develops best during cool seasons of the year.

When broccoli plants of most varieties are properly grown and harvested,they can yield over an extended period. Side heads develop after the large, central head is removed. Two crops per year (spring and fall) may be grown in most parts of the country. New heat tolerant varieties allow broccoli to be produced in all but the hottest parts of the season.

Transplants are recommended to give the best start for spring planting, because transplanting gets the plants established more quickly. Thus they can bear their crop with minimal interference from the extreme heat of early summer. Fall crops may be direct-seeded in the garden if space allows or may be started in flats to replace early crops when their harvest ends.

Broccoli provides a high amount of vitamin C, which aids iron absorption in the body, prevents the development of cataracts, and also eases the symptoms of the common cold.

The folic acid in broccoli helps women sustain normal tissue growth and is often used as a supplement when taking birth control pills and during pregnancies.
 
The potassium in broccoli aids those battling high blood pressure, while a large amount of calcium helps combat osteoporosis.
The vegetable is also fiber-rich, which enhances the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, as well as aims to reduce blood cholesterol levels.
In recent years, broccoli has made the headlines regarding three components found in the vegetable. For instance, indole-3-carbinol has captured the attention of those looking to prevent hormone-related cancers, such as breast- and prostate cancer.
I3C promotes "good" hormones, while working against destructive ones. The sulforaphane in broccoli also helps to increase the level of enzymes that block cancer, while the beta-carotene in broccoli transforms into vitamin A within the body, providing an effective antioxidant that destroys free radicals (responsible for weakening the defense of cells).

Additionally, the health benefits of broccoli have been linked to preventing and controlling the following medical concerns: Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, calcium deficiencies, stomach and colon cancer, malignant tumors, lung cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and even the aging process.