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Types of Bush Beans


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Bush Beans



Growing Information:

Beans, Bush

CULTURE: Choose well-drained soil with a pH above 6.0. After last frost date sow seeds about 2" apart, 1" deep, rows 20-36" apart. Optimum soil temperature for germination is 70-90F (21-32C). Plant untreated seed when daytime soil temperatures average at least 60F (16C), or risk poor germination. Inoculants can increase yields. For a continuous supply make successive sowings every 2-3 weeks through mid-summer.
DISEASES: Plow under or remove and compost bean straw in the fall to hasten destruction of most disease organisms. For sclerotinia white mold control, plant at wider row spacing to promote drying of plant leaves and soil. Practice a three-year crop rotation; preferably into corn or grain crops.
INSECT PESTS: Mexican bean beetles can be controlled with rotenone or pyrethrin.
HARVEST: Regularly to encourage new pod set.
STORAGE: Store at 40F (5C) and 90% humidity for 7-10 days.
AVG. SEEDING RATE: 1 lb./175', 6 lb./1,000', 85 lb./acre at 8 seeds/ft. and 3' row spacing.
SEED SPECS: See individual varieties.
PACKET: 2 oz. (avg. 175 seeds) sows 20-25'.



  • Some popular varieties of bush beans include:
  1. Green
    1. Stringless: Blue Lake, Bountiful, Contender, Maxibel, Topcrop.
    2. Round podded: Blue Lake, Bush Blue Lake 274, Contender, Fortex, Jade, Kentucky Blue, Maxibel, Provider, Topcrop, Venture.
    3. Flat podded: Bush Kentucky Wonder, Gina, Roma II.
    4. French Filet: Nickel, Grenoble, Straight 'N Narrow.
  2. Yellow Wax
    1. Stringless: Golden Wax, Dragon's Tongue, Yellow Wax.
    2. Round Podded: Goldcrop, Golden Wax, Pencil Pod, Roc D'or (Rocdor).
    3. Flat Podded: Dragon's Tongue, Romano Gold.
  3. Purple
    1. Stringless: Royal Burgundy.
    2. Round Podded: Royal Burgundy, Royalty.
  4. Half-Runners: Mountaineer, State, Striped.

THE BENEFITS OF BUSH BEANS

Fresh green beans are very low in calories (31 kcal per 100 g of raw beans) and contain no saturated fat; but are very good source of vitamins, minerals and plant derived micro-nutrients.

  • They are very rich source of dietary fiber (9% per100g RDA) which acts as bulk laxative that helps to protect the mucous membrane of the colon by decreasing its exposure time to toxic substances as well as by binding to cancer causing chemicals in the colon. Dietary fiber has also been shown to reduce blood cholesterol levels by decreasing re-absorption of cholesterol binding bile acids in the colon.

  • Green beans contain excellent levels of vitamin A, and many health promoting flavonoid poly phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin and beta carotene in good amounts. These compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease process.

  • Zea xanthin, an important dietary carotenoid in the beans, selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea in the eyes where it thought to provide antioxidant and protective light-filtering functions. Therefore, it is helpful in preventing age related macular disease (ARMD) of the eyes in old age.

  • Fresh snap beans are good source of folates. Folates diet during preconception periods and during pregnancy helps prevent from neural-tube defects in the  offsprings.

  • It is also contain good amounts of vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamin (vitamin B-1), vitamin-C. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen free radicals.

  • They also contain good amounts of minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese and potassium which are very essential for body metabolism. Manganese is a co-factor for the enzyme superoxide dismutase, which is a very powerful free radical scavenger. Potassium is important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.