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Canning Berries-Whole


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Berries - Whole

Blackberries, blueberries, currants, dewberries, elderberries, gooseberries, huckleberries, loganberries, mulberries, raspberries.

Quantity: An average of 12 pounds is needed per canner load of 7 quarts; an average of 8 pounds is needed per canner load of 9 pints. A 24-quart crate weighs 36 pounds and yields 18 to 24 quarts - an average of 1 3/4 pounds per quart.

Quality: Choose ripe, sweet berries with uniform color.

Please read Using Pressure Canners and Using Boiling Water Canners before beginning. If this is your first time canning, it is recommended that you read Principles of Home Canning.

Procedure: Wash 1 or 2 quarts of berries at a time. Drain, cap, and stem if necessary. For gooseberries, snip off heads and tails with scissors. Prepare and boil preferred syrup , if desired. Add 1/2 cup syrup, juice, or water to each clean jar.

Hot pack - For blueberries, currants, elderberries, gooseberries, and huckleberries. Heat berries in boiling water for 30 seconds and drain. Fill jars and cover with hot juice, leaving 1/2 inch headspace.

Raw pack - Fill jars with any of the raw berries, shaking down gently while filling. Cover with hot syrup, juice, or water, leaving 1/2 inch headspace. Adjust lids and process.

Processing directions for canning berries in a boiling-water, a dial, or a weighted-gauge canner are given in Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3.

Table 1. Recommended process time for Berries, whole in a boiling-water canner.
  Process Time at Altitudes of
Style of Pack Jar Size 0 - 1,000 ft 1,001 - 3,000 ft 3,001 - 6,000 ft Above 6,000 ft
Hot Pints or Quarts 15 min 20 20 25
Raw Pints 15 20 20 25
Quarts 20 25 30 35

Table 2. Process Times for Some Acid Foods in a Dial-Gauge Pressure Canner.
  Canner Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of
Style of Pack Jar Size Process Time (Min) 0 - 2,000 ft 2,001 - 4,000 ft 4,001 - 6,000 ft 6,001 - 8,000 ft
Hot Pints or Quarts 8 6 7 8 9
Raw Pints 8 6 7 8 9
Quarts 10 6 7 8 9

Table 3. Process Times for Some Acid Foods in a Weighted-Gauge Pressure Canner.
  Canner Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of
Style of Pack Jar Size Process Time (Min) 0 - 1,000 ft Above 1,000 ft
Hot Pints or Quarts 8 5 10
Raw Pints 8 5 10
Quarts 10 5 10

Syrups for Use in Freezing Fruits

Type of Syrup Percent Syrup* Cups of Sugar** Cups of Water Yield of Syrup
in Cups
Very Light 10% 1/24 4 1/2 cups
Light 20% 14 4 3/4 cups
Medium 30%1 3/4 45 cups
Heavy 40% 2 3/44 5 1/3 cups
Very Heavy 50%4 46 cups

* Approximate

** In general, up to one-fourth of the sugar may be replaced by corn syrup or mild-flavored honey. A larger proportion of corn syrup may be used if a very bland, light-colored typed is selected.

To make the syrup, dissolve sugar in lukewarm water, mixing until the solution is clear. Chill syrup before using.

Use just enough cold syrup to cover the prepared fruit after it has been placed in the container (about 1/2 to 2/3 cup of syrup per pint). To keep fruit under the syrup, place a small piece of crumpled parchment paper or other water-resistant wrapping material on top, and press fruit down into the syrup before sealing the container.



Canning Fruits and Fruit Products

  • Apple Juice
  • Apple Butter
  • Apple Butter, Reduced Sugar
  • Apples-Sliced
  • Applesauce
  • Apple Rings-Spiced
  • Apricots-Halved or Sliced
  • Berries-Whole
  • Berry Syrup
  • Cherries-Whole
  • Cherry (Sweet) Topping
  • Crabapples-Spiced
  • Crabapples-Spiced II
  • Cranberries
  • Cranberry Sauce
  • Figs
  • Fruit Purees
  • Grape Juice
  • Grapes Whole
  • Grapefruit and Orange Sections
  • Lemon Curd, Canned
  • Mango Sauce
  • Mangoes, Green
  • Mayhaw Juice
  • Mayhaw Syrup
  • Mixed Fruit Cocktail
  • Nectarines-Halved or Sliced
  • Papaya
  • Peaches-Halved or Sliced
  • Peach Fruit Topping
  • Pears, Asian
  • Pears-Halved
  • Pie Fillings
  • Pineapple
  • Plums-Halved or Whole
  • Rhubarb-Stewed
  • Zucchini-Pineapple
  • These documents were adapted from the "Complete Guide to Home Canning," Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 539, USDA, revised 2009 &
    From "So Easy to Preserve", 5th ed. 2006. Bulletin 989, Cooperative Extension Service, The University of Georgia, Athens. Revised by Elizabeth L. Andress. Ph.D. and Judy A. Harrison, Ph.D., Extension Foods Specialists.