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Cucumbers



Cucumbers

CULTURE: A warm, rich, limey ground is best but any well-drained, fertile soil will do.
TRANSPLANTING: Sow indoors in 2" plug trays, 3 seeds/cell, 4-5 weeks before weather is warm and settled. Keep temp. above 70F (21C) day and 60F (16C) night. Transplant 12" apart in rows 5-6' apart. Do not disturb roots when transplanting. Cucumber plants cannot survive frost.
DIRECT SEEDING: Wait until soil is warm, at least 70F (21C), usually at least a week after last frost. Cucumber seeds will not germinate at a soil temperature below 50F (10C) and germinate slowly at 68F (20C). Sow about 2" apart, 1/2" deep, rows 5-6' apart. Thin to about 8" apart.
POLY MULCH AND ROW COVERS: Protect plants from insects and increase warmth for earlier and heavier yields.
DISEASES: Choose disease-resistant varieties, provide favorable growing conditions, plow in or remove and compost plant refuse, and control insect pests.
INSECT PESTS: Protect against cucumber beetles with floating row covers, or control with pyrethrin or rotenone.
HARVEST: Once bearing begins, pick daily.
STORAGE: Hold cucumbers at 45-50F (7-10C) and 90% humidity for up to 2 weeks.
GREENHOUSE CROPPING: Plants can be pruned and string-trellised. Use only parthenocarpic (need no pollination) varieties.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract about 10 days if transplanting.
AVG. SEEDING RATE: 175'/oz., 6 oz./1,000', 2 1/2 lb./acre at 6 seeds/ft. in rows 6' apart.
TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 350 cells or pots/oz. at 3 seeds/cell.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 16,000-21,000 (avg. 17,000).
MINI: 1.5 gm. unless otherwise noted (approx. 1/19 oz., avg. 55 seeds).
PACKET: 6 gm. unless otherwise noted (approx.1/5 oz., avg. 220 seeds).


Cucumber


THE BENEFITS OF CUCUMBER

Even though fresh cucumbers are mostly composed of water, they still pack a lot of nutrition. The flesh of cucumbers is a very good source of vitamins A, C, and folic acid. The hard skin is rich in fiber and a variety of minerals including magnesium, silica, molybdenum, and potassium. Cucumber is an excellent source of silica, which is a trace mineral that contributes to the strength of our connective tissue.