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CULTURE: Grow in fertile, well-drained soil. Plant from about the first fall frost date until as late as November. (Spring planting will yield small bulbs.) Break apart the bulbs at planting time and insert individual cloves root end down 1 1/2-2" deep, 4-6" apart. Roots will grow before winter, with little or no top growth. Garlic is very winter hardy but should be heavily mulched to prevent heaving. The largest cloves will produce the largest bulbs; small cloves found at the inside of softneck bulbs can be sown like beans for "garlic greens". The color, flavor, and size of garlic heads can be variable depending on location, fertility, and weather.
HARVEST: In summer, when the bottom 2 or 3 leaves have at least half yellowed, loosen the soil with a fork or undermine and lift plants. Dry bunches in a dark, airy place or place on screens.
STORAGE: Store braided or topped at near freezing and 65-70% humidity. Stores 5-8 months.
SEED SPECS: See chart.
TYPES OF GARLIC: There are 3 types of garlic. (1) SOFTNECK (Allium sativum) The necks are soft at maturity, so this type can be braided. The main type used by the large West Coast growers for marketing and drying. Bulbs produce medium size cloves on the outside layer, plus 2-4 layers of small, inner cloves. Adapted widely, though somewhat less winter hardy than stiffneck. (2) STIFFNECK (A. sativum var. ophioscorodon) The plants send up a hard "scape" that makes a 360 degree coil and then forms a cluster of "bulbils" (miniature cloves). As the coiled scapes appear they should be removed or the bulbs will be about 1/3 smaller; freshly snipped topset bulblets and fresh scapes are great in stir-fry, and dried scapes are interesting in flower arrangements. Unlike softneck, the bulbs have large outside cloves, and no inner ones. (3) ELEPHANT (A. ampeloprasum) Distinct in size and taste from other types. If provided high fertility, produces huge bulbs of up to 1/2 lb. or even more. Somewhat less hardy than other types and should be mulched before winter to prevent heaving. Pinch off any flowers that appear in spring or summer. Stores 10-12 months.



Garlic Medicinal Properties

The bulbs yield an essential oil containing allyl propyl disulphide, diallyl disulphide and two other sulphur compounds. The garlic bulbs have stimulant, anti cholesterol, antibacterial, aphrodisiac, analgesic, anthelmintic, diuretic, emmenagogue and anti fungal properties. The sulphur compounds give garlic the characteristic pungent odour and the nickname, 'the stinking rose'!

Garlic Home Remedies

It is used to treat the following conditions:

  • Garlic Reduces Hypertension

    In clinical studies, garlic has shown to lower systolic and diastolic pressure. It can reduce the spasms in the small arteries and slow down pulse rate. Garlic supplements should be used under the supervision of a doctor as they may interfere with other prescription drugs. Excess garlic can also thin the blood and cause digestive upset.
  • Natural Cholesterol Remedy

    Compounds in garlic causes blood clots to dissolve more quickly and improve blood fluidity. Studies show that garlic contains hydrogen sulfide, which interacts with the red blood cells and helps the vessels and capillaries to relax. This in turns lowers the blood pressure. It contains peptide which prevents blood pressure from raising. It has also shown to lower cholesterol levels. Garlic decoction or a few cloves of garlic in food is an excellent cardiac supplement.
  • Earache Relief

    Garlic oil ear drops are excellent for fighting ear infections. Mince some garlic in olive oil and warm it at a very low temperature for about an hour. Sieve the oil and refrigerate. Every few hours, warm a few drops of this oil and gently drop it into the ear to reduce the inflammation and pain.
  • Garlic Normalizes Insulin

    Frequent usage of garlic has a beneficial effect on diabetics. Clinical studies have shown that allicin in garlic combines with Vitamin B1 and stimulate the pancrease to release more insulin. It also arrests the chemical receptors that deactivate insulin.
  • Natural Treatment For Arthritis

    Consume a crushed garlic decoction daily to soothe those aching joints. In clinical studies, garlic has shown to reduce pain and inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis. It also inhibits the formation of free radicals that accelerate joint damage.
  • Garlic Strengthens Immune System

    Garlic increases the production of interferon and white blood cells, both important contributors for a healthy immune system. Regular usage of garlic can prevent respiratory illnessness like bronchitis, cold and flu. Garlic is both a broad spectrum antibiotic and a potent antibacterial.
  • Soothing Eczema Relief

    Eczema patients are often prone to infections from a yeast-like fungus called candida albican. Garlic, with its potent anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral properties is very effective against this immunity weakening infection. Consumption of raw garlic is advised. Additionally, sun dried garlic cloves are roasted in coconut oil, crushed and applied on the weeping lesions. The skin will turn healthy in a few days.
  • Garlic Retards Cancer

    Clinical studies have shown that allicin, a compound in garlic, can lengthen survival time, work against tumors and help the white blood cells to defend against and fight cancer cells. Including garlic in the diet would greatly help cancer patients.
  • Home Remedy For Indigestion

    Garlic is good for the lymph, and aids in the elimination of toxins. It stimulates peristalsis, or movement of the intestine - and the secretion of digestive juices. It is a wonderful worm expeller, it has the ability to destroy harmful bacteria and worms. Crushed cloves of garlic can be boiled in milk or water and consumed regularly.