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Echinacea


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Echinacea



Growing Information:

Echinacea

GERMINATION: 10-15 days at 65-70F (18-21C).
CULTURE: Indoors - 8-10 weeks before planting out. Outdoors - In spring when soil is warm; in groups of 3-4 seeds, 1/8" deep. Thin.
LIGHT/SOIL: Full sun; average, well-drained soil. Tolerates partial shade.
SPACING: 18-24".
USE: Cut flowers, borders, mass or wildflower plantings, fresh or dried seed heads.
HARVEST: Fresh - As petals are expanding. Dried - When cone is raised and has turned golden. Petals strip easiest at this point. Hang to dry.

Habitat and Description


Growing Echinacea
CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS

Echinacea is easy to grow from seed! Simply sow the seeds when the soil reaches 55-70 degrees Fahrenheit in the spring. Sow on the surface of the soil and after the seeds begin to germinate lightly cover the seeds with about 1/8 of an inch of soil. Thin the plants out so that they are 18 to 24 inches apart. Germination should occur within 10-20 days. After germination the plants will grow very quickly.

A few things to keep in mind when cultivating Echinacea are that most types of Echinacea will comfortably grow in zones 3-10 and they prefer part shade to full sun. The soil should be neutral, with a pH rating between 6 and 8 and well drained, however, they will generally do ok in clay laden soils as well. Be sure to control weeds as Echinacea will do better with less of them in their growing area. They will bloom from June to October and will attract butterflies and enhance any garden!



Echinacea


The benefits of Echinacea

The diseases, against which Echinacea is a strong helping hand, are respiratory problems, bronchitis, sore throat, enlarged prostate glands, urinary tract infections, vaginal yeast (candida) infections, ear infections (otitits), sinusitis, hay fever (allergic rhinitis). Topically it can help heal eczema, psoriasis, and slow-healing wounds. Echinacea is added to anti-hemorrhoids medications; it is also a mighty skin protector from the sun damage.

In spite of some claims that Echinacea has no side effects, studies show that some people may experience allergic reactions, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, muscle aches, nausea, sore throat, temporary numbness of the tongue and upset stomach.





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