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Marjoram


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Marjoram



Growing Information:

Marjoram

DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days

SOWING TIME: Spring

SEEDING METHOD: Transplant

SUNLIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun

PLANT HEIGHT: 8-24"

PLANT SPACING: 6-8"

HARDINESS ZONES: Zones 9-11

Habitat and Description


Growing Marjoram
CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS

Any reasonable soil and spot will do - a really easy plant.

Marjoram are grown from seed. Get an early start on this popular herb by starting it indoors as a houseplant. Or, directly sow seeds into your garden in the spring. Sow seeds early in the season and cover lightly with soil. Space seedlings or thin plants to 12" apart, in rows 18 inches apart.

Marjoram is easy to grow. They prefer full sun and a well drained soil. They will do well in average soils, and tolerate dry soil conditions. Being native to arid regions, Marjoram will withstand droughts very well. Water them during dry periods, once every week or two. Do not add fertilizer to this plant, and it will produce stronger flavor. Pick flower bulbs as soon as they appear. The leaves turn bitter after flowers bloom.



Marjoram


The benefits of Marjoram

  • Sweet marjoram is one of very popular herb especially in Mediterranean countries. It was used in ancient times by the Greeks to make wreaths and garlands and was believed as a symbol of peace, harmony and happiness.
  • The herb contains many notable phyto-nutrients, minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health and wellness.
  • The herb parts contain certain chemical constituents like eugenol sabinene, ? -terpinene, cymene, terpinolene, linalool, cis-sabinene hydrate, linalyl acetate, terpinen-4-ol and terpineol. These compounds are known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
  • Fresh herb has high levels of vitamin C (ascorbic acid); provide 51.4 mcg or 86% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin C is one of the powerful natural anti-oxidant help remove harmful free radicals from the body. Ascorbic acid also has immune booster, wound healing and anti-viral effects.
  • Marjoram herb contains exceptionally high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zea-xanthin. Carotenes, xanthins and lutein are powerful flavonoid anti-oxidants. Together, these compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease process.
  • Vitamin A is known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A and carotenes are known to help body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Zeaxanthin, an important dietary carotenoid, selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea in the eyes where it is thought to provide antioxidant and protective light-filtering functions. It has proven beneficial action against age related macular disease (ARMD) especially in the elderly.
  • Sweet marjoram is one of the richest herbal sources for vitamin K; provides about 518% of recommended daily intake. Vitamin-K has potential role in bone mass building by promoting osteotrophic activity in the bones. It also has established role in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease by limiting neuronal damage in the brain.
  • Marjoram herb has good amount of minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, zinc and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase.
  • Its leaves are an excellent source of iron, contains 82.71 mg/100 g (about 1034% of RDA). Iron is an important co-factor for cytochrome oxidase enzyme in the cellular metabolism. In addition, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, it determines the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.




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