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Pole Beans


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Pole Beans



Pole Beans

CULTURE: Grow pole beans on trellises or large mesh fencing, 4-pole tepees, or single poles. Sow seeds 1" deep, spaced 3" apart in rows 4' apart after soil temperature exceeds 60F (16C). If using poles, plant 7 seeds at the base of each pole.
LARGE PLANTINGS: Drill a single row of seeds on open ground or through black plastic mulch. Sow 3 seeds/hole, 8" between holes. For large trellised plantings place fence posts 8-10' apart, and support a 9-gauge galvanized wire at the top. With twine, lash trellis to the wire (or zigzag our natural sisal trellis twine between the top wire and a bottom twine). Anchor bottom of trellis with stakes or hoops of 9-gauge wire. Refer to Index for planters, trellis, twine, and mulch.
DISEASES, INSECTS, HARVEST, STORAGE: see Bush Beans.
AVG. SEEDING RATE: 225' row or 130 poles/lb.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: See individual varieties.
PACKET: 1 oz. (avg. 55 seeds) sows 14' or 8 poles.


Pole Beans


With pole bean varieties, gardeners can harvest twice the amount of beans than with bush-type varieties. Green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) come in two types, bush and pole (runner) beans. Many gardeners prefer pole beans to the bush varieties because they're typically sweeter, tenderer, and produce more beans per plant. The major difference in how these types are grown is that the pole beans are true vines (called “indeterminate plants”) and therefore, need to be supported. There are various ways of achieving support for pole beans. Gardeners may use a flat trellis with netting or make (or purchase) an obelisk. Nails placed in a row at the bottom of a fence with heavy string running up and down from one nail to the next works well, too. For gardeners with a compost bin that's made with welded or chicken wire, the heap can be disguised by growing runner beans onto the wire. A pole-bean tee pee is another option for indeterminate vines. It's especially fun for children and provides a lovely vertical concept to the garden, as well.

THE BENEFITS OF POLE BEANS

Fresh green beans are very low in calories (31 kcal per 100 g of raw beans) and contain no saturated fat; but are very good source of vitamins, minerals and plant derived micro-nutrients.

  • They are very rich source of dietary fiber (9% per100g RDA) which acts as bulk laxative that helps to protect the mucous membrane of the colon by decreasing its exposure time to toxic substances as well as by binding to cancer causing chemicals in the colon. Dietary fiber has also been shown to reduce blood cholesterol levels by decreasing re-absorption of cholesterol binding bile acids in the colon.

  • Green beans contain excellent levels of vitamin A, and many health promoting flavonoid poly phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin and beta carotene in good amounts. These compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease process.

  • Zea xanthin, an important dietary carotenoid in the beans, selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea in the eyes where it thought to provide antioxidant and protective light-filtering functions. Therefore, it is helpful in preventing age related macular disease (ARMD) of the eyes in old age.

  • Fresh snap beans are good source of folates. Folates diet during preconception periods and during pregnancy helps prevent from neural-tube defects in the  offsprings.

  • It is also contain good amounts of vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamin (vitamin B-1), vitamin-C. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen free radicals.

  • They also contain good amounts of minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese and potassium which are very essential for body metabolism. Manganese is a co-factor for the enzyme superoxide dismutase, which is a very powerful free radical scavenger. Potassium is important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.