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Shallots



Shallots

CULTURE: Seed Grown Type: Direct seed in early to mid spring (or in late summer to fall in areas where onions are seeded then) 1/2- 3/4" apart in a 2-4" wide band, 50 seeds/ft., 1/2" deep, rows 10-18" apart. Sown at this rate, from most seeds a single shallot will form; clusters will form if sown more thinly.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 50 seeds/row foot, 1,000 seeds/20', 1 1/2 million seeds/acre in rows 18" apart.
SEED SPECS: MINI: 200 seeds, sows 4'.
PACKET: 600 seeds, sows 12'.
SETS: Divide into individual bulblets. Push into the soil about 3/4 their length deep, 6" apart in narrow rows, in early to mid spring. Each set will multiply 6-10 or more times, depending on fertility and planting time, with earlier plantings more productive.
AVG. SET PLANTING RATE (can vary greatly!)
:
30'/lb. at 6" spacing, 34 lb./1,000', 970 lb./acre, in rows 18" apart.
SET SPECS: 50-90 sets/lb. (avg. 60). One pint (avg. 8-9 oz.) plants avg. 15'; avg. 30'/lb. (varies!).
HARVEST, BOTH TYPES: Harvest in summer when tops fall and begin to brown. Dry in an airy place. Store near freezing at 60-70% humidity.
DAY LENGTH: Like onions (see onion culture box), all shallots are day length sensitive. Bulb formation is triggered by long days. Time sowing so the plantlet has at least 3-4 leaves before the longest day.
BOLTING: Induced by exposure to cold temperatures after the plant has 3-5 leaves.


Shallots


THE BENEFITS OF SHALLOTS

There have been many studies over the years about the effects different fruits and vegetables may have on the health. And shallots have a lot in their favour. Shallots contain two types of sulphur compounds Allypropyldisulphine (APDS) and flavoniods such as quercetin. People who consume a lot of flavoniods have been shown to have a reduced chance of developing cancer, heart disease and diabetes, due to the wonderful antibacterial properties they process. As an added benefit they are also anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and anti-allergenic.

Shallots are especially good at helping the liver to eliminate toxins from the body, which is essential in the chemically processed foods that the masses enjoy, as well as helping to process alcohol. Shallots also contain saponins which have been shown to inhibit and kill cancerous cells in the body.

There are many more health benefits to shallots, such as the ability to thin the bloods and the production of prostaglandins.